On Mar. 12, 2013, NSA Director James R. Clapper lied to Senator Ron Wyden (D-Ore) and Congress:
Sen. Wyden: “Does the NSA collect any type of data at all on millions, or hundreds of millions, of Americans?”
Gen. Clapper replied untruthfully: “No, sir,” rubbing his head.
Sen. Wyden asked, “It does not?”
Still rubbing his head, Clapper hedged, knowing the NSA was engaged in high crimes and he was covering it up: “Not wittingly. There are cases where they could inadvertently, perhaps, collect, but not wittingly.”