King George Establishes ‘The American Prohibitory Act’, Forbidding the Americans from All Trade and Commerce

American Prohibitory Act “It throws thirteen colonies out of the royal protection, levels all distinctions, and makes us independent in spite of our supplications and entreaties… It may be fortunate that the act of independency should come from the British Parliament rather than the American Congress.” —John Adams on the American Prohibitory Act “That as […]

The Olive Branch Petition: A letter from the 2nd Continental Congress to King George to Repeal his Tyrannous Laws

The Olive Branch Petition was issued  (shipped by boat) from the American colonies to King George III in England. It proposed a final peace deal with England and promised loyalty to the British government if it repealed the Coercive Acts and ended its taxation without representation policies. The King completely disregarded the petition. The Olive Branch Petition, drafted […]

Thomas Jefferson: “We are Reduced to the Alternative of Choosing an Unconditional Submission to Tyranny, or Resistance by Force. The Latter is our Choice!”

The Continental Congress issued A Declaration by the Representatives of the United Colonies of North-America, Now Met in Congress at Philadelphia, Setting Forth the Causes and Necessity of Their Taking Up Arms. This was written by Thomas Jefferson and Pennsylvania lawyer John Dickinson. In response to England sending soldiers to “restore order” in the colonies, Jefferson wrote: […]

The First Continental Congress Secretly Meets in Philadelphia to Discuss British Tyranny

On September 5, 1774, every colony but Georgia sent representatives to what is now called the First Continental Congress. They met in secret because they did not want the British to know that the colonies were uniting. At first there were 44 delegates who met in Carpenter’s Hall in Philadelphia. Twelve other delegates reported late. […]

Two More ‘Intolerable Acts’ Passed: The Massachusetts Government Act & Administration Justice Act

The Massachusetts Government Act was passed by the Parliament of Great Britain on May 20, 1774. The Massachusetts Government Act revoked the colony’s 1691 charter effectively ended the constitution of Massachusetts and  and restricted the number of town meetings that a community might hold and prohibited the election of town officials. The Massachusetts Government Act: Put […]