The United States in Congress Assembled (USCA), the third united American republic, was formed by 13 States with the Articles of Confederation’s enactment on March 1st, 1781, and expired on March 3rd, 1789, with the implementation of the current U.S. Constitution on March 4th, 1789. The republic was constitutionally governed under Articles of Confederation with state quorums on important matters requiring nine members with a two delegate minimum present in Congress per State. All constitutional changes required the unanimous approval of the 13 member States. Samuel Huntington and George Washington served, respectively, as the republic’s first United States in Congress Assembled President and Commander-in-Chief.
The First United American Republic was the United Colonies of North America: 13 British Colonies United in Congress, and was founded by 12 colonies on September 5th, 1774 (Georgia joined in 1775). It was governed through a British Colonial Continental Congress. Peyton Randolph and George Washington served, respectively, as the Republic’s first President and Commander-in-Chief.
The second, The United States of America: 13 Independent States United in Congress was founded by 12 states on July 2nd, 1776 (New York abstained until July 8th), and governed through the United States Continental Congress. John Hancock and George Washington served, respectively, as the Republic’s first President and Commander-in-Chief.
The fourth and current United American republic is The United States of America: We the People and was formed by 11 states on March 4th, 1789 (North Carolina and Rhode Island joined in November 1789 and May 1790, respectively), with the enactment of the U.S. Constitution of 1787. The fourth and current United States Republic governs through the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate in Congress Assembled, the U.S. President and Commander-in-Chief, and the U.S. Supreme Court. George Washington served as the Republic’s first President and Commander-in-Chief.